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How Common Are Mood Disorders?

How Common Are Mood Disorders?

Even though both men and women struggle with mood disorders, women are statistically more likely to develop them. According to a 2017 study on the prevalence of mood disorders, ‘Women are 22.3% more likely to have a mood disorder than men.” A mood disorder can cause noticeable distortions in your mood and emotional state. 

This sudden change in mood then interferes with your ability to function, consequently affecting your quality of life. Some of its common types include seasonal affective disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, cyclothymic disorder, major depressive disorder, and bipolar disorder.

Which Factors Decide The Prevalence Of Mood Disorders?

Mood disorders are pretty common, with bipolar disorder and depression being two of the most common. It is essential to discuss the reasons behind their increasing rise in number. Certain factors and situations can influence the rise or fall of statistics, as mentioned earlier, in both men and women.

  • Genetics

Like many other mental health issues, mood disorders can also be inherited. Thus, if someone in the previous generation had a mood disorder, the possibility of the current generation having them increases. Therefore, genetics do play a huge role.

  • Brain Development

Changes in brain chemistry or development are among the leading factors behind the probability of a mood disorder. Amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex are responsible for mood-related functioning in humans. If there’s any kind of dysfunctionality during the development of these regions, the probability of a mood disorder increases. Changes in brain chemistry can also be sparked by drug usage. For instance, some prescription drugs can cause a chemical imbalance in the brain if not taken according to a physician’s advice.

  • Environmental Factors

What happens in our surroundings impacts us in more than one way. Those who live in extremely stressful circumstances are highly likely to develop a mood disorder at a particular stage. Additionally, people who have dealt with abuse in the past, are living with a chronic illness, or have survived a traumatic event may also tackle extreme stress, leading to a mood disorder. A stressful life change can also be a probable cause. For instance, a change in employment status, the addition of a new family member, the death of a loved one, or a change in social standing can all trigger the onset of a mood disorder.

Mood Disorders: Why Is Their Prevalence Worrisome?

Like many other mental health issues, mood disorders pose a long list of dangers that should be dealt with at all costs. Leading this list of hazards is suicidal ideation. Suicidal ideation is a common occurrence, especially once the euphoric feeling of a manic episode wears off. During a depressive episode, one can feel unsatisfied with life, struggle with loneliness, and be unhappy. In such a state of mind, people can make drastic decisions without thinking much about them. 

Apart from suicidal ideation, a mood disorder places you at significant risk of making impulsive decisions. Making poor choices can affect your quality of life and further increase your list of issues. Extreme ups and downs caused by a mood disorder can be tumultuous for the ones around you and often proves disastrous for personal relationships. 

Additionally, it can be hard to keep a job or stable source of income when you’re constantly in a state of unrest or cannot maintain concentration. A mood disorder can impact how people view you if they’re unaware that you’re dealing with a psychological dysfunctionality. For instance, your lack of interest in intimacy during a depressive episode may come off as an act of hostility.

Final Words

The risk posed by mood disorders leads one to question; whether or not people can avoid a mood disorder. Although there’s still room for further research, one can start by taking preventive measures as soon as doubt arises. You can decrease the disruption caused by obvious symptoms through mood stabilizers. If that’s not helpful, ketamine therapy can be the next probable alternative that may prove more fruitful.

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